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Simplifiez-vous la vie, achetez en ligne votre abonnement. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the Mediterranean city. Marseille was an important European trading centre and remains the main commercial port of the French Republic. Marseille is the second-largest city in France after Paris and the centre of the third-largest metropolitan area in France after Paris and Lyon.

To the east, starting in the small fishing village of Callelongue on the outskirts of Marseille and stretching as far as Cassis, are the Calanques, a rugged coastal area interspersed with small fjord-like inlets. Old Port to the Réformés quarter. Marseille is officially the sunniest major city in France with over 2,900 hours of sunshine while the average sunshine in France is around 1,950 hours. 13 February 1929 during a strong cold wave. Marseille continued to prosper as a Roman city, becoming an early center of Christianity during the Western Roman Empire.

Marseille lost a significant portion of its population during the Great Plague of Marseille in 1720, but the population had recovered by mid century. Marseille Provence Airport, is the fourth largest in France. In May 2005, the French financial magazine L’Expansion named Marseille the most dynamic of France’s large cities, citing figures showing that 7,200 companies had been created in the city since 2000. Historically, the economy of Marseille was dominated by its role as a port of the French Empire, linking the North African colonies of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia with Metropolitan France.

The economy of Marseille and its region is still linked to its commercial port, the first French port and the fifth European port by cargo tonnage, which lies north of the Old Port and eastern in Fos-sur-Mer. Some 45,000 jobs are linked to the port activities and it represents 4 billion euros added value to the regional economy. In recent years, the city has also experienced a large growth in service sector employment and a switch from light manufacturing to a cultural, high-tech economy. The port is also an important arrival base for millions of people each year, with 2. 4 million including 890,100 from cruise ships. Marseille is one of the most visited cities in France, with 4. In 2012 Marseille hosted the World Water Forum.

Several urban projects have been developed to make Marseille attractive. However, Marseille unemployment rate remains higher than the national average. The 9th arrondissement of Marseille is the largest in terms of area because it comprises parts of Calanques National Park. 13th arrondissement of Marseille is the most populous one. Mayor of Marseille from 1953 until his death in 1986.

In recent years, the Communist Party has lost most of its strength in the northern boroughs of the city, whereas the National Front has received significant support. Gaston Defferre served as Mayor of Marseille from 1953 to 1986. Jean-Claude Gaudin has been Mayor of Marseille since 1995. This section may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia’s layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure.